Social and Economic Factors References:

2004

Yang J, Carmichael SL, Kaidarova Z, Shaw GM. Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(10):820-824.
Ref ID: 271

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL , Kaidarova Z, Harris JA. Epidemiologic characteristics of anotia and microtia in California, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(7):472-475.
Ref ID: 269

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Kaidarova Z. Congenital malformations in offspring of Hispanic and African-American women in California, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(6):382-388.
Ref ID: 267

2003

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Nelson V , Selvin S, Torfs CP, Curry CJ. Hypospadias in California: trends and descriptive epidemiology. Epidemiology . 2003 Nov; 14(6): 701-6.
Ref ID: 258

Carmichael SL , Nelson V, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Croen LA. Socio-economic status and risk of conotruncal heart defects and orofacial clefts. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 2003; 17(3):264-271.
Ref ID: 252

Carmichael SL , Shaw GM, Neri E, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Social networks and risk of neural tube defects.European Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 18(2):129-133.
Ref ID: 242

1998

Wasserman CR, Shaw GM, Selvin S, Gould JB, Syme SL. Socioeconomic status, neighborhood social conditions and neural tube defects. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88:1674-1680