Occupation/ Hobbies References:


Shaw GM . Strenuous work, nutrition and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a brief review.Journal of Nutrition 2003; 133(5 Suppl 2):1718S-1721S.
Ref ID: 243

Shaw GM , Nelson V, Iovannisci DM, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ. Maternal occupational chemical exposures and biotransformation genotypes as risk factors for selected congenital anomalies. American Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 157(6):475-484.
Ref ID: 237


Shaw GM , Nelson V, Olshan AF. Paternal occupational group and risk of offspring with neural tube defects.Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 2002; 16(4):328-333.
Ref ID: 234


Shaw GM, Velie EM, Katz EA, Morland KB, Schaffer DM, Nelson V. Maternal occupational and hobby chemical exposures as risk factors for neural tube defects. Epidemiology 1999; 10:124-129


Torfs CP, Katz EA, Bateson TF, Lam PK, Curry CJR. Maternal medications and environmental exposures as risk factors for gastroschisis. Teratology 1996; 54(2):84-92


Shaw GM, Malcoe LH, Katz E. Maternal workplace exposures to organic solvents and congenital cardiac anomalies. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 1992; 1(4):371-376

Downloadable Study Summary:

PDF file Work, Hobbies and Gastroschisis