Obesity and Body Mass References:
Velie EM, Shaw GM, Malcoe LH, Schaffer DM, Samuels SJ, Todoroff K et al. Understanding the increased risk of neural tube defect-affected pregnancies among Mexico-born women in California: immigration and anthropometric factors. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2006; 20(3):219-230.
Anderson JL, Waller DK, Canfield MA, Shaw GM, Watkins ML, Werler, MM. Maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, and central nervous system birth defects. Epidemiology. 2005;16(1):87-92.
Carmichael SL , Shaw GM, Neri E, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Physical activity and risk of neural tube defects. Maternal & Child Health Journal 2002; 6(3):151-157.
Shaw GM , Nelson V, Moore CA. Prepregnancy body mass index and risk of multiple congenital anomalies. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2002; 107(3):253-255.
Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Maternal height and prepregnancy body mass index as risk factors for selected congenital anomalies. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2000; 14(3):234-9*
*This study was partly funded by the Cigarette and Tobacco Surtax Fund of the State of California through the Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program of the University of California, Grants 1RT466 and 3RT0413.