Diet/Nutrition References:


Shaw GM, Iovannisci DM, Yang W, Finnell RH, Carmichael SL, Cheng S, Lammer EJ. Risks of human conotruncal heart defects associated with 32 single nucleotide polymorphisms of selected cardiovascular disease-related genes. Am J Med Genet A. 2005;138(1):21-26.
Ref ID: 281

Zhu H, Curry S, Wen S, Wicker NJ, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Yang W, Jafarov T, Finnell RH. Are the betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT and BHMT2) genes risk factors for spina bifida and orofacial clefts? Am J Med Genet A. 2005;135(3):274-277.
Ref ID: 276

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W, Schaffer DM. Periconceptional dietary intake of myo-inositol and neural tube defects in offspring. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2005;73(3):184-187.
Ref ID: 274

Anderson JL, Waller DK, Canfield MA, Shaw GM, Watkins ML, Werler, MM. Maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, and central nervous system birth defects. Epidemiology. 2005;16(1):87-92.
Ref ID: 273


Lammer EJ, Shaw GM, Iovannisci DM, Finnell RH. Periconceptional multivitamin intake during early pregnancy, genetic variation of acetyl-N-transferase 1 (NAT1), and risk for orofacial clefts. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(11):846-852.
Ref ID: 272

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Nelson V et al. Occurrence of low birthweight and preterm delivery among California infants before and after compulsory food fortification with folic acid. Public Health Rep. 2004;119(2):170-173.
Ref ID: 268

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W et al. Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;160(2):102-109.
Ref ID: 266


Carmichael SL, Shaw GM , Schaffer DM, Laurent C , Selvin S. Dieting behaviors and risk of neural tube defects. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 158(12):1127-1131.
Ref ID: 256

Shaw GM , Quach T, Nelson V , Carmichael SL , Schaffer DM, Selvin S et al. Neural tube defects associated with maternal periconceptional dietary intake of simple sugars and glycemic index. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78(5):972-978.
Ref ID: 254

Watkins ML, Carmichael SL. Pregnancy: (d) Maternal diet, vitamins and neural tube defects. In: Caballero B TLFPe, editor. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. London: Academic Press, 2003: 4737-4745. Ref ID: 245

Carmichael SL , Shaw GM, Selvin S, Schaffer DM. Diet quality and risk of neural tube defects.Medical Hypotheses 2003; 60(3):351-355.
Ref ID: 235


Shaw GM , Nelson V, Carmichael SL, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH, Rosenquist TH. Maternal periconceptional vitamins: interactions with selected factors and congenital anomalies?Epidemiology 2002; 13(6):625-630.
Ref ID: 230

Williams LJ, Mai CT, Edmonds LD, Shaw GM, Kirby RS, Hobbs CA et al. Prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly during the transition to mandatory folic acid fortification in the United States. Teratology 2002; 66(1):33-39.
Ref ID: 228


Croen LA, Todoroff K, Shaw GM. Maternal exposure to nitrate from drinking water and diet and risk for neural tube defects. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 153(4):325-331


Torfs CP, Christianson RE. Effect of maternal smoking and coffee consumption on the risk of having a recognized Down syndrome pregnancy. American Journal of Epidemiology 2000; 152(12):1185-1191


Torfs CP, Christianson RE. Maternal risk factors and major associated defects in infants with Down syndrome. Epidemiology 1999; 10(3):264-270

Velie EM, Block G, Shaw GM, Samuels SJ, Schaffer DM, Kulldorft M. Periconceptional maternal supplemental and dietary zinc intake and the occurrence of neural tube defects in California. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999; 150(6):605-616

Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Periconceptional nutrient intake and risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies. Epidemiology 1999; 10:711-716


Torfs CP, Lam PK, Schaffer DM, Brand RJ. Association between mothers' nutrient intake and their offspring's risk of gastroschisis. Teratology 1998; 58:241-250

Schaffer DM, Velie EM, Shaw GM, Todoroff KP. Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. Journal of the American Diet Association 1998; 98(8):876-884


Shaw GM, Velie E, Schaffer D. Is dietary intake of methionine associated with a reduction in risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies? Teratology 1997; 56:295-299