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-2004-

1 Lammer EJ, Shaw GM, Iovannisci DM, Finnell RH. Periconceptional multivitamin intake during early pregnancy, genetic variation of acetyl-N-transferase 1 (NAT1), and risk for orofacial clefts. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(11):846-852.
Ref ID: 272
   
2 Yang J, Carmichael SL, Kaidarova Z, Shaw GM. Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(10):820-824.
Ref ID: 271
   
3

Finnell RH, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ et al. Gene-nutrient interactions: importance of folates and retinoids during early embryogenesis. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2004;198(2):75-85.
Ref ID: 270

   
4 Shaw GM, Carmichael SL , Kaidarova Z, Harris JA. Epidemiologic characteristics of anotia and microtia in California, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(7):472-475.
Ref ID: 269
5

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Nelson V et al. Occurrence of low birthweight and preterm delivery among California infants before and after compulsory food fortification with folic acid. Public Health Rep. 2004;119(2):170-173.
Ref ID: 268

   
6

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Kaidarova Z. Congenital malformations in offspring of Hispanic and African-American women in California, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(6):382-388.
Ref ID: 267

   
7 Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W et al. Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;160(2):102-109.
Ref ID: 266
   
8

Volcik KA, Zhu H, Finnell RH, Shaw GM, Canfield M, Lammer EJ. Evaluation of the jumonji gene and risk for spina bifida and congenital heart defects. Am J Med Genet 2004; 126A(2):215-217.
Ref ID: 265

 
9

Volcik KA, Zhu H, Finnell RH, Shaw GM, Canfield M, Lammer EJ. Evaluation of the Cited2 gene and risk for spina bifida and congenital heart defects. Am J Med Genet 2004; 126A(3):324-325.
Ref ID: 264

 
10 Lammer EJ, Shaw GM, Iovannisci DM, Van Waes J, Finnell RH. Maternal smoking and the risk of orofacial clefts: Susceptibility with NAT1 and NAT2 polymorphisms. Epidemiology 2004; 15(2):150-156.
Ref ID: 263
 
11

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W, Harris JA , Lammer EJ. Congenital malformations in births with orofacial clefts among 3.6 million California births, 1983-1997. Am J Med Genet 2004; 125A(3):250-256.
Ref ID: 262

 
12 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Yang W, Lammer EJ, Zhu H, Finnell RH. Limb deficiency defects, MSX1, and exposure to tobacco smoke. Am J Med Genet 2004; 125A(3):285-289.
Ref ID: 261
 
13 Zhu H, Wicker NJ, Volcik K, Zhang J, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ et al. Promoter haplotype combinations for the human PDGFRA gene are associated with risk of neural tube defects. Mol Genet Metab 2004; 81(2):127-132.
Ref ID: 260

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- 2003-

1 Volcik KA, Shaw GM , Zhu H, Lammer EJ, Laurent C , Finnell RH. Associations between polymorphisms within the thymidylate synthase gene and spina bifida Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol 2003; 67(11):924-928.
Ref ID: 259
 
2

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Nelson V , Selvin S, Torfs CP, Curry CJ. Hypospadias in California: trends and descriptive epidemiology. Epidemiology . 2003 Nov; 14(6): 701-6.
Ref ID: 258

 
3

Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Kaidarova Z, Harris JA. Differential risks to males and females for congenital malformations among 2.5 million California births, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol 2003; 67:953-958.
Ref ID: 257

   
4

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM , Schaffer DM, Laurent C , Selvin S. Dieting behaviors and risk of neural tube defects. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 158(12):1127-1131.
Ref ID: 256

 
5 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Yang W , Lammer EJ. Maternal periconceptional alcohol consumption and risk for conotruncal heart defects. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol 2003; 67:875-878.
Ref ID: 255
 
6 Shaw GM , Quach T, Nelson V , Carmichael SL , Schaffer DM, Selvin S et al. Neural tube defects associated with maternal periconceptional dietary intake of simple sugars and glycemic index. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78(5):972-978.
Ref ID: 254
 
7 Shaw GM , Zhu H, Lammer EJ, Yang W , Finnell RH. Genetic variation of infant reduced folate carrier (A80G) and risk of orofacial and conotruncal heart defects. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 158(8):747-752.
Ref ID: 253
 
8 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Selvin S, Schaffer DM. Diet quality and risk of neural tube defects. Medical Hypotheses 2003; 60(3):351-355. Ref ID: 235
9 Shaw GM, Ranatunga D, Quach T, Neri E, Correa A, Neutra RR. Trihalomethane exposures from municipal water supplies and selected congenital malformations. Epidemiology 2003; 14(2):191-199. Ref ID: 236
10 Shaw GM, Nelson V, Iovannisci DM, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ. Maternal occupational chemical exposures and biotransformation genotypes as risk factors for selected congenital anomalies. American Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 157(6):475-484. Ref ID: 237
11 Zhu H, Barber R, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH. Is Sonic hedgehog (SHH) a candidate gene for spina bifida? A pilot study. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2003; 117A(1):87-88. Ref ID: 238
12 Zhu H, Junker WM, Finnell RH, Brown S, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ et al. Lack of association between ZIC2 and ZIC3 genes and the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in hispanic populations. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2003; 116A(4):414-415. Ref ID: 239
13 Zhu H, Wicker NJ, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Hendricks K, Suarez L et al. Homocysteine remethylation enzyme polymorphisms and increased risks for neural tube defects. Molecular Genetics & Metabolism 2003; 78(3):216-221. Ref ID: 240
14 Reefhuis J, Honein MA, Shaw GM, Romitti PA. Fertility treatments and craniosynostosis: California, Georgia, and Iowa, 1993-1997. Pediatrics 2003; 111(5 Part 2):1163-1166. Ref ID: 241
15 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Neri E, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Social networks and risk of neural tube defects. European Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 18(2):129-133. Ref ID: 242
16 Shaw GM. Strenuous work, nutrition and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a brief review. Journal of Nutrition 2003; 133(5 Suppl 2):1718S-1721S. Ref ID: 243
17 Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Nelson V, Selvin S, Schaffer DM. Food fortification with folic acid and twinning among California infants. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2003; 19A(2):137-140. Ref ID: 244
18 Watkins ML, Carmichael SL. Pregnancy: (d) Maternal diet, vitamins and neural tube defects. In: Caballero B TLFPe, editor. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. London: Academic Press, 2003: 4737-4745. Ref ID: 245
19 Volcik KA, Shaw GM, Zhu H, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH. Risk factors for neural tube defects: associations between uncoupling protein 2 polymorphisms and spina bifida. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical & Molecular Teratology 2003; 67(3):158-161. Ref ID: 246
20 Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Shaw GM, Nelson V, Harris JA. Risk of mental retardation among children born with birth defects. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2003; 157(6):545-550. Ref ID: 247
21 Volcik KA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Zhu H, Finnell RH. Evaluation of infant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotype, maternal vitamin use, and risk of high versus low level spina bifida defects. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical & Molecular Teratology 2003; 67(3):154-157. Ref ID: 248
22 Pradat P, Francannet C, Harris JA, Robert E. The epidemiology of cardiovascular defects, part I: a study based on data from three large registries of congenital malformations. Pediatric Cardiology 2003; 24(3):195-221. Ref ID: 249
23 Harris JA, Francannet C, Pradat P, Robert E. The epidemiology of cardiovascular defects, part 2: a study based on data from three large registries of congenital malformations. Pediatric Cardiology 2003; 24(3):222-235. Ref ID: 250
24 Araneta MR, Schlangen KM, Edmonds LD, Destiche DA, Merz RD, Hobbs CA et al. Prevalence of birth defects among infants of Gulf War veterans in Arkansas, Arizona, California, Georgia, Hawaii, and Iowa, 1989-1993. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical & Molecular Teratology 2003; 67(4):246-260. Ref ID: 251
25 Carmichael SL, Nelson V, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Croen LA. Socio-economic status and risk of conotruncal heart defects and orofacial clefts. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 2003; 17(3):264-271. Ref ID: 252

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- 2002-

1 Ritz B, Yu F, Fruin S, Chapa G, Shaw GM, Harris JA. Ambient air pollution and risk of birth defects in Southern California. American Journal of Epidemiology 2002 Jan 1;155(1):17-25
2 Croen LA, Shaw GM, Barber RC, Baker MM, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ. Apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein E genotypes and sporadic holoprosencephaly. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2002 Feb 15;108(1):75-77
3 Shaw GM, Nelson V, Moore CA. Prepregnancy body mass index and risk of multiple congenital anomalies. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2002; 107(3):253-255. Ref ID: 223
4 Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Nelson V. Congenital malformations in offspring of Vietnamese women in California, 1985-97. Teratology 2002; 65(3):121-124. Ref ID: 225
5 Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Zhu H, Baker MW, Neri E, Finnell RH. Maternal periconceptional vitamin use, genetic variation of infant reduced folate carrier (A80G), and risk of spina bifida. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2002; 108(1):1-6. Ref ID: 226
6 Finnell RH, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Volcik KA. Does prenatal screening for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutations in high-risk neural tube defect pregnancies make sense? Genetic Testing 2002; 6(1):47-52. Ref ID: 227
7 Williams LJ, Mai CT, Edmonds LD, Shaw GM, Kirby RS, Hobbs CA et al. Prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly during the transition to mandatory folic acid fortification in the United States. Teratology 2002; 66(1):33-39. Ref ID: 228
8 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Neri E, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Physical activity and risk of neural tube defects. Maternal & Child Health Journal 2002; 6(3):151-157. Ref ID: 229
9 Shaw GM, Nelson V, Carmichael SL, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH, Rosenquist TH. Maternal periconceptional vitamins: interactions with selected factors and congenital anomalies? Epidemiology 2002; 13(6):625-630. Ref ID: 230
10 Rasmussen SA, Lammer EJ, Shaw GM, Finnell RH, McGehee RE, Jr., Gallagher M et al. Integration of DNA sample collection into a multi-site birth defects case-control study. Teratology 2002; 66(4):177-184. Ref ID: 231
11 Volcik KA, Zhu H, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH. Apolipoprotein E and apolipoprotein B genotypes and risk for spina bifida. Teratology 2002; 66(5):257-259.
Ref ID: 232
12 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Nelson V. Timing of prenatal care initiation and risk of congenital malformations. Teratology 2002; 66(6):326-330. Ref ID: 233
13 Shaw GM, Nelson V, Olshan AF. Paternal occupational group and risk of offspring with neural tube defects. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology 2002; 16(4):328-333.
Ref ID: 234

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-2001-

1 Shaw GM. Adverse human reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic fields: A brief summary of the epidemiologic literature. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22(S5):S5-S18
2 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Carmichael SL, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Lowered weight gain during pregnancy and risk of neural tube defects among offspring. International Journal of Epidemiology 2001;30(1):6-65
3 Croen LA, Todoroff K, Shaw GM. Maternal exposure to nitrate from drinking water and diet and risk for neural tube defects. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001;153(4):325-331
4 Shaw GM, Savitz DA, Nelson V, Throp Jr. JM. Role of structural birth defects in preterm delivery. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2001;15(2):106-109
5 Hartsfield JK Jr., Hickman TA, Everett ET, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Finnell RA. Analysis of the EPHX1 113 polymorphism and GSTM1 homozygous null polymorphism and oral clefting associated with maternal smoking. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2001 July22;102(1):21-4
6 Croen LA, Grether JK, Curry CJ, Nelson KB. Congenital abnormalities among children with cerebral palsy: More evidence for prenatal antecedents. Journal of Pediatrics 2001;138:804-10
7 Croen LA, Grether JK, Selvin S. The epidemiology of mental retardation of unknown cause. Pediatrics 2001;107(6):E86
8 Nelson KB, Grether JK, Croen LA, Dambrosia JM, Dickens BF, Jelliffe LL, Hansen RL, Phillips TM. Neuropeptides and neurotrophins in neonatal blood of children with autism or mental retardation. Annals of Neurology 2001;49(5):597-606
9 Shaw GM, Selvin S, Carmichael SL, Schaffer DM, Nelson V, Neri E. Assessing combined chemical exposures as risk factors for neural tube defects. Reproductive Toxicology 2001;15(6):631-635

-2000-

1 Croen LA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Risk factors for cytogenetically normal holoprosencephaly in California: a population-based case-control study. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2000;90:320-325
2 Shaw GM, Barber R, Todoroff K, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH. Microsatellites proximal to leptin and leptin receptor as risk factors for spina bifida. Teratology 2000;61:231-5
3 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM. Maternal life event stress and congenital anomalies. Epidemiology 2000;1:30-5
4 Todoroff K, Shaw GM. Prior spontaneous abortion, prior elective termination, interpregnancy interval and risk of neural tube defect-affected pregnancies. American Journal of Epidemiology 2000;151(5):505-11
5 Windham GC, Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Swan SH. Miscarriage and use of vitamins containing folic acid. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2000;90:261-2
6 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ. Spina bifida phenotypes in infants or fetuses of obese mothers. Teratology 2000 May;61(5):376-81
7 Grether JK. Possible decrease in prevalence of cerebral palsy in premature infants (letter). Journal of Pediatrics 2000;136(1):133
8 Nanni L, Croen LC, Lammer EJ, Muenke M. Holoprosencephaly: molecular study of a California population. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2000;90:315-9
9 Shaw GM, Croen LA, Todoroff K, Tolarova MM. Periconceptional intake of vitamin supplements and risk of multiple congenital anomalies. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2000;93(3):188-93
10 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Maternal height and prepregnancy body mass index as risk factors for selected congenital anomalies. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2000; 14(3):234-9
11 Grether JK, Hoogstrate J, Walsh-Green E, Nelson KB. Magnesium sulfate for tocolysis and risk of spastic cerebral palsy in premature children born to women without preeclampsia. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000;183(3):717-25
12 Hobbs CA, Sherman SL, Yi P, Hopkins SE, Torfs CP, Hine RH, Pogribna M, Rozen R, James SJ. Polymorphisms in genes involved in folate metabolism as maternal risk factors for Down syndrome. American Journal of Human Genetics 2000;67(3):623-630
13 Finnell RH, Gelineau-van Waes J, Bennett GD, Barber RC, Wlodarczyk B, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Piedrahita JA, Eberwine JH. Genetic basis of susceptibility to environmentally induced neural tube defects. Annals of New York Academy of Science 2000;919:261-77
14 Torfs CP, Christianson RE. Effect of maternal smoking and coffee consumption on the risk of having a recognized Down syndrome pregnancy. American Journal of Epidemiology 2000;152(12):1185-91
15 Harris JA, Robert E, Källén. Epidemiologic characteristics of kidney malformations. European Journal of Epidemiology 2000;16(11):985-992


-1999-

1 Shaw GM, Nelson V, Todoroff K, Wasserman CR, Neutra RR. Maternal periconceptional use of electric bed-heating devices and risk for neural tube defects and orofacial clefts. Teratology 1999;60:124-129
2 Torfs CP, Christianson RE. Maternal risk factors and major associated defects in infants with Down syndrome. Epidemiology 1999;10(3):264-270
3 Schieve LA, Perry GS, Cogswell ME, Scanlon KS, Rosenberg D, Carmichael SL, Ferre C. Validity of self-reported pregnancy delivery weight: An analysis of the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999;150(9):947-956
4 Grether JK, Eaton A, Redline R, Bendon R, Benirschke K, Nelson KB. Reliability study of placental histology using archived specimens. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1999;13:489-495
5 Mayer-Davis EJ, Vitolins MZ, Carmichael SL, Hemphill S, Tsaroucha G, Rushing J, Levin S. Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency interview in a multi-cultural epidemiologic study. Annals of Epidemiology 1999;9:314-324
6 Strick B, Shaw GM, Harris JA. An anthropological approach to inform epidemiologic research on birth defects. Teratology 1999;60:109-111
7 Velie EM, Block G, Shaw GM, Samuels SJ, Schaffer DM, Kulldorft M. Periconceptional maternal supplemental and dietary zinc intake and the occurrence of neural tube defects in California. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999;150(6):605-616
8 Nelson KB, Grether JK. Selection of neonates for neuroprotective therapies: One set of criteria applied to a population. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 1999;153:393-398
9 Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Maternal periconceptional alcohol consumption and risk for orofacial clefts. Journal of Pediatrics 1999;134(3):298-303
10 Carmichael SL, Shaw GM. Maternal corticosteroid use and risk of selected congenital anomalies. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1999;86:242-244
11 Lam PK, Torfs CP, Brand RJ. A low prepregnancy body mass index is a significant risk factor for an offspring with gastroschisis. Epidemiology 1999;10(6):717-721
12 Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, O'Malley CD, Nelson V, Jackson RJ. Maternal pesticide exposures as risk factors for selected congenital anomalies. Epidemiology 1999;10:60-66
13 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Finnell RH, Lammer EJ, Rozen R. Infant methionine synthase variants and risk for spina bifida. Journal of Medical Genetics 1999;36:86-87
14 Nelson KB, Grether JK. Causes of cerebral palsy. Current Opinions in Pediatrics 1999r;11(6):487-491
15 Malcoe LH, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Herman A. Congenital anomalies and mortality risk in white and black infants. American Journal of Public Health 1999;89:887-892
16 Shaw GM, Velie EM, Katz EA, Morland KB, Schaffer DM, Nelson V. Maternal occupational and hobby chemical exposures as risk factors for neural tube defects. Epidemiology 1999;10:124-129
17 Cieri MV, Arnold GL, Torfs CP. Malrotation in conjunction with esophageal atresia/tracheo-esophageal fistula. Teratology 1999;60:114-116
18 Trembath D, Sherbondy AL, Vandyke DC, Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH, Marker S, Lerner G, Murray JC. Analysis of select folate pathway genes, PAX3, and human T in a midwestern neural tube defect population. Teratology 1999;59:331-341
19 Rozen R, Fraser FC, Shaw GM. Decreased percentage of female newborns with homozygosity for the C677T mutation in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1999;83:142-143
20 Barber RC, Lammer EJ, Shaw GM, Greer KA, Finnell RH. The role of folate transport and metabolism in neural tube defect risk. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 1999;66:1-9
21 Shaw GM, Finnell RH, Todoroff K, Rozen R, Lammer EJ. Maternal vitamin use, infant C677T mutation in MTHFR, and isolated cleft palate risk. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1999;85:84-85
22 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Schaffer DM, Selvin S. Periconceptional nutrient intake and risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies. Epidemiology 1999;10:711-716
23 Grether JK, Nelson KB, Dambrosia JM, Phillips TM. Interferons and cerebral palsy. Journal of Pediatrics 1999;134(3):324-332

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-1998-

1 Shaw GM, Rozen R, Finnell RH, Todoroff K, Lammer EJ. Infant C677T mutation in MTHFR, maternal periconceptional vitamin use, and cleft lip. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1998; 80:196-8
2 Savage AR, Petersen MB, Pattay D, Taft L, Allran K, Freeman SB, Karadima G, Avramopoulos D, Torfs CP, et. al. Elucidating the mechanisms of paternal non-disjunction of chromosome 21 in humans. Human Molecular Genetics 1998;7(8):1221-1227
3 Tolarova MM, Cervenka J. Classification and birth prevalence of orofacial clefts. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1998; 75:126-137
4 Torfs CP, Christianson RE. Anomalies in Down syndrome individuals in a large population-based registry. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1998;77:431-438
5 Torfs CP, Lam PK, Schaffer DM, Brand RJ. Association between mothers' nutrient intake and their offspring's risk of gastroschisis. Teratology 1998;58:241-250
6 Croen LA, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Tolarova MM. Racial and ethnic variations in the prevalence of orofacial clefts in California, 1983-1992. American Journal of Genetics 1998;79:42-47
7 Wasserman CR, Shaw GM, Selvin S, Gould JB, Syme SL. Socioeconomic status, neighborhood social conditions and neural tube defects. American Journal of Public Health 1998;88:1674-1680
8 Finnell RH, Greer LA, Barber RA, Piedrahita JA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Neural tube and craniofacial defects with special emphasis on folate pathway genes. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine 1998;9:38-53
9 Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Murray JC, Lammer EJ. Infant TGF-alpha genotype, orofacial clefts, and maternal periconceptional multivitamin use. Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Journal 1998;35:366-370
10 Barber RC, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Greer KA, Lacey SW, Wasserman CR, Finnell RH. Lack of association between mutations in the folate receptor-a gene and spina bifida. American Journal of Genetics 1998;76:310-317
11 Shaw GM, Rozen R, Finnell RH, Wasserman CR, Lammer EJ. Maternal vitamin use, genetic variation of infant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, and risk for spina bifida. American Journal of Epidemiology 1998;148(1):30-37
12 Schaffer DM, Velie EM, Shaw GM, Todoroff KP. Energy and nutrient intakes and health practices of Latinas and white non-Latinas in the 3 months before pregnancy. Journal of the American Diet Association 1998;98(8):876-884
13 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Velie E, Lammer E. Maternal illness, including fever, and medication use as risk factors for neural tube defects. Teratology 1998;57:1-7
14 Grether JK, Hoogstrate J, Selvin S, Nelson KB. Magnesium sulfate tocolysis and risk of neonatal death. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1998;178:1-6
15 Grether JK, Selvin S, Hoogstrate J, Nelson KB. Tocolytic magnesium sulfate: Are the epidemiologic data reassuring? (Reply). American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1998;179(1):280
16 Nelson KB, Dambrosia JM, Grether JK, Phillips TM. Neonatal cytokines and coagulation factors in children with cerebral palsy. Annals of Neurology 1998;44(4):665-675
17 Nelson KB, Grether JK. Potentially birth asphyxiating conditions and risk of spastic cerebral palsy in infants of normal birthweight. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1998;179:507-513
18 Kallen B, Robert E, Harris JA. Associated malformations in infants and fetuses with upper and lower neural tube defects. Teratology 1998;57(2):56-63

-1997-

1 Werler MM, Cragan JD, Wasserman CR, Shaw GM, Erikson JD, Mitchell AA. Multivitamin supplementation and multiple births. American Journal of Genetics 1997;71:93-96
2 Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Incorporating molecular genetic variation and environmental exposures into Epidemiologic studies of congenital anomalies. Reproductive Toxicology 1997;11:(2/3) 275-280
3 Shaw GM, Lieberman RF, Todoroff K, Wasserman CR. Low birth weight, preterm delivery, and periconceptional vitamin use. Journal of Pediatrics 1997;130(6):1013-1014
4 Shaw GM, Velie E, Schaffer D. Is dietary intake of methionine associated with a reduction in risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies? Teratology 1997;56:295-299
5 Robert E, Harris JA, Källén B. The epidemiology of preaxial limb malformations. Reproductive Toxicology 1997;11(5):653-662
6 Torfs CP, Honoré LH, Curry CJ. Is there an association of Down syndrome and omphalocele? American Journal of Medical Genetics 1997;73(4):393-396
7 Harris JA, Robert E, Källén B. The epidemiology of choanal atresia with special reference to the CHARGE association. Pediatrics 1997;99(3)363-7
8 Schecter R, Torfs CP, Bateson TF. The epidemiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1997;11:407-42
9 Shaw GM, Velie EM, Wasserman CR. Risk for neural tube defect-affected pregnancies among women of Mexican descent and white women in California. American Journal of Public Health 1997;87(9):1467-1471
10 Grether JK, Nelson KB. Maternal infections and cerebral palsy in infants of normal birthweight. Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;278:207-211
11 Croen LA, Shaw GM, Sanbonmatsu L, Selvin S, Buffler PA. Maternal residential proximity to hazardous waste sites and risk for selected congenital malformations. Epidemiology 1997;8(4):337-339
12 Shaw GM, Todoroff K, Lammer EJ. NTD phenotypes in infants and fetuses whose mothers used multivitamins containing folic acid in early pregnancy compared to those who did not. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1997;70:330-331
13 Emery III ES, Eaton A, Grether JK, Nelson KB. Assessment of gestational age using birth certificate data compared with medical record data. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1997;11:313-321
14 Harris JA, James L. State-by-state cost of birth defects-1992. Teratology 1997;56(1/2):11-16
15 Cragen JD, Roberts HE, Edmonds LD, Khoury MJ, Kirby RS, Shaw GM, Velie EM, et al. Surveillance for anencephaly and spina bifida and the impact of prenatal diagnosisUnited States, 1985-1994. Teratology 1997;56(1/2):37-49
16 Robert E, Källén B, Harris JA. The epidemiology of diaphragmatic hernia. European Journal of Epidemiology 1997;13:655-673
17 Shaw GM, Velie EM, Schaffer D, Lammer EJ. Periconceptional intake of vitamin A among women and risk of neural tube defect-affected pregnancies. Teratology 1997;55:132-133
18 Booth VJ, Nelson KB, Dambrosia JM, Grether JK. What factors influence whether placentas are submitted for pathologic examination? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1997;176(3):567-571
19 Bishop J, Heuther C, Torfs CP, Lorey F, Deddens J. Epidemiologic study of Down syndrome in a racially diverse California population, 1989-1991. American Journal of Epidemiology 1997;145(2):134-147
20 Nelson KB, Grether JK. Cerebral palsy in low birth weight infants: etiology and strategies for prevention. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 1997;3:112-117
21 Grether JK, Hirtz D, McNellis D, Nelson KB, Rouse DJ. Tocolytic magnesium sulfate and paediatric mortality (correspondence). Lancet 1997;351:292
22 Nelson KB, Grether JK. More on prenatal magnesium sulfate and risk of cerebral palsy (letter). Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;278(18):149
23 Tolarova MM, Harris JA, Ordway DE, Vargervik K. Birth prevalence, mutation rate, sex ratio, parents' age, and ethnicity in Apert syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1997; 72:394-8

-1996-

1 O'Malley CD, Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Lammer EJ. Epidemiologic characteristics of conotruncal heart defects in California, 1987-1988. Teratology 1996;53:374-377
2 Robert E, Harris JA, Robert O, Selvin S. Case-control study on maternal residential proximity to high voltage power lines and congenital malformations in France. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1996;10:32-38
3 Robert E, Källén B, Harris JA. The epidemiology of orofacial clefts. 1. Some general epidemiological characteristics. Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 1996;16:234-241
4 Robert E, Källén B, Harris JA. The epidemiology of orofacial clefts. 2. Associated malformations. Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology 1996;16:242-248
5 Shaw GM, Velie EM, Moreland K. Parental recreational drug use and risk for neural tube defects. American Journal of Med Epidemiology 1996;144(12):1155-1160
6 Harris JA, Källén B, Robert E. The epidemiology of anotia and microtia. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996; 33:809-813
7 Torfs CP, Katz EA, Bateson TF, Lam PK, Curry CJR. Maternal medications and environmental exposures as risk factors for gastroschisis. Teratology 1996;54(2):84-92
8 Velie EM, Shaw GM. The impact of prenatal diagnosis and elective termination of prevalence and risk estimates of neural tube defects in California, 1989-1991. American Journal of Epidemiology 1996;144(5):473-479
9 Croen LA, Shaw GM, Lammer EJ. Holoprosencephaly: epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of a California population. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996;64:465-472
10 Källén B, Robert E, Harris JA. The descriptive epidemiology of anophthalmia and microphthalmia. Epidemiology 1996;25(5):1-8
11 Wasserman CR, Shaw GM, O'Malley CD, Tolarova MM, Lammer EJ. Parental cigarette smoking and risk for congenital anomalies of the heart, neural tube, or limb. Teratology 1996;53:261-267
12 Grether JK, Nelson KB, Emery III ES, Cummins SK. Prenatal and perinatal factors and cerebral palsy in very low birth weight infants. Journal of Pediatrics 1996;128:407-414
13 Shaw GM, Velie EM, Schaffer D. Risk of neural tube defect-affected pregnancies among obese women. JAMA 1996;275(14):1093-1096
14 Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, Lammer EJ, O'Malley CD, Murray JC, Basart AM, Tolarova MM. Orofacial clefts, parental cigarette smoking, and transforming growth factor-alpha gene variants. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996;58 (3):551-561
15 Heuther CA, Martin RLM, Stoppelman SM, D'Szoua S, Bishop JK, Torfs CP, et. al. Sex ratios in fetuses and liveborn infants with autosomal aneuploidy. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996;63:492-500
16 Shaw GM, Wasserman CW, Block G, Lammer EJ. High maternal vitamin A intake and risk of anomalies of structures with a cranial neural crest cell contribution (letter). Lancet 1996;347:899-900
17 Khoury MJ, Shaw GM, Moore CA, Lammer EJ, Mulinare J. Does periconceptional multivitamin use reduce the risk of neural tube defects associated with other defects? American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996;61:30-36
18 Botto LD, Olney RS, Mastroiacovo P, Khoury MJ, Moore CA, Alo CJ, Costa P, Edmonds LD, Flood TJ, Harris JA, Howe HL, Olsen CL, Panny SR, Shaw GM. Chorionic villus sampling and transverse digital deficiencies: Evidence for anatomic and gestational-age specificity of the digital deficiencies in two studies. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1996;62(2):173-178
19 Nelson KB, Dambrosia JM, Ting YY, Grether JK. Uncertain value of electronic fetal monitoring in predicting cerebral palsy. New England Journal Of Medicine 1996;334(10):613-618

-1995-

1 Torfs CP, Curry CJR, Bateson TF. Population-based study of tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia. Teratology i
2 Robert E, Francannet C, Shaw GM. Neural tube defects and maternal weight reduction in early pregnancy. Reproductive Toxicology i
3 Harris JA, Shaw GM. Neural tube defectsWhy are rates high among populations of Mexican descent? Environmental Health Perspectives 1995;103(Suppl 6):163-4
4 Shaw GM, O'Malley CD, Wasserman CR, Tolarova MM, Lammer EJ. Maternal periconceptional use of multivitamins and reduced risk for conotruncal heart and limb reduction defects among offspring. American Journal of Medical Genetics 1995;59(4):536-545
5 Harris JA, Källén B, Robert E. Descriptive epidemiology of alimentary tract atresia. Teratology 1995;52:15-29
6 Waitzman NJ, Romano PS, Scheffler RM, Harris JA. Economic costs of birth defects and cerebral palsy. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1995;44(37):694-699
7 Takahashi ER, Shaw GM. Feasibility of collecting maternal blood and hair samples in a casecontrol study of congenital anomalies (letter). Epidemiology 1995;6:469
8 Cragan JD, Roberts HE, Edmonds LD, Khoury JK, Kirby RS, Shaw GM, Velie EM, et. al. Surveillance for anencephaly and spina bifida and the impact of prenatal diagnosisUnited States, 1985-1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1995;44(SS-4):1-13
9 Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Velie EM. Ovulation induction by clomiphene and neural tube defects (letter). Reproductive Toxicology 1995;9(4):399-400
10 Shaw GM, Lammer EJ, Wasserman CR, O'Malley CD, Tolarova MM. Risks of orofacial clefts in children born to women using multivitamins containing folic acid periconceptionally. Lancet 1995;346:393-396
11 Tolarova M, Harris JA. Reduced recurrence of orofacial clefts after periconceptional supplementation with high-dose folic acid and multivitamins. Teratology 1995;51(2):71-78
12 Croen LA, Shaw GM. Young maternal age and congenital malformations: A population-based study. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(5):710-713
13 Shaw GM, Wasserman CR, O'Malley CD, Lammer EJ, Finnell RH. Orofacial clefts and maternal anticonvulsant use (letter). Reproductive Toxicology 1995;9(1):97-98
14 Romano PS, Waitzman NJ, Scheffler, RM, Pi RD. Folic acid fortification of grain: An economic analysis. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(5):667-676
15 Shaw GM, Schaffer D, Velie EM, Morland K, Harris JA. Periconceptional vitamin use, dietary folate, and the occurrence of neural tube defects. Epidemiology 1995;6(3):219-226
16 Nelson KB, Grether JK. Can magnesium sulfate reduce the risk of cerebral palsy in very low birthweight infants? Pediatrics 1995;95(2): 263-269
17 Olney RD, Khoury MJ, Alo CJ, Costa P, Edmonds LD, Flood TJ, Harris JA, et al. Increased risk for transverse digital deficiency after chorionic villus sampling: Results of the US multi-state case-control study, 1988-1992. Teratology 1995;51(1):20-29



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