Cost Study References:

NJ Waitzman, PS Romano, RM Scheffler. Estimates of the economic costs of birth defects. Inquiry 1994; 31:188-205

Waitzman NJ, Romano PS, Scheffler RM, Harris JA. Economic costs of birth defects and cerebral palsy. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1995; 44(37):694-699.

Downloadable study summary:

The National Cost of Birth Defects