Hypospadias Reference:


Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Laurent C, Lammer EJ, Olney RS. Hypospadias and maternal exposures to cigarette smoke. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2005;19:406-12.
Ref ID: 285

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Laurent C
, Croughan MS, Olney RS, Lammer EJ. Maternal progestin intake and risk of hypospadias. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2005;159:957-62.
Ref ID: 283


Yang J, Carmichael SL, Kaidarova Z, Shaw GM. Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(10):820-824.
Ref ID: 271

Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Kaidarova Z. Congenital malformations in offspring of Hispanic and African-American women in California, 1989-1997. Birth Defects Res Part A Clin Mol Teratol. 2004;70(6):382-388.
Ref ID: 267


Carmichael SL, Shaw GM, Nelson V , Selvin S, Torfs CP, Curry CJ. Hypospadias in California: trends and descriptive epidemiology. Epidemiology . 2003 Nov; 14(6): 701-6.
Ref ID: 258