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expanded AFP screening
prenatal ultrasound


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gastroschisis

picture of baby with gastroschisis About 1 in 3,000 babies is born with gastroschisis (pronounced gas-tro-SKEE-sis), a life-threatening condition where the intestines protrude through a hole in the abdomen. The defect forms during weeks 5-8 of pregnancy, most likely due to disrupted blood supply to the developing abdominal wall.

DETECTION AND TREATMENT

Gastroschisis can be seen on prenatal ultrasounds. Expanded AFP screening, a prenatal blood test, identifies about 85% of abdominal wall defects.

At birth, newborns with gastroschisis die without immediate corrective surgery and intensive hospital care. Other birth defects are uncommon with gastroschisis; 85% of affected babies survive if treated. The average lifetime cost for medical treatment, educational services and lost productivity is $108,000.

YOUNG MOTHERS AT HIGHEST RISK

Being young, using drugs and coming from a socially/economically disadvantaged background all increase gastroschisis risk. These factors explain about 1/3 of the risk for gastroschisis. The California Birth Defects Monitoring Program has conducted many studies to understand why young mothers have greater risk. We also looked at lifestyle and a variety of exposures to uncover risk-altering factors in women of any age. reference information PDF file

RECURRENCE RISK LOW

In 127 families we interviewed, only 3.5% of the brothers and sisters of affected infants also had gastroschisis. reference information

 


gastroschisis table data

MORE STUDY FINDINGS
bullet Study findings (environmental exposures and risk factors)
bullet Nutrition and mother's weight
bullet Drugs, illness and medication;
hobby and occupational exposures
bullet Downloadable study summaries
- PDF file Gastroschisis (covers risk for young mothers, lifestyle and drug use)
- PDF file Gastrosquisis (Español)
- PDF file Gastroschisis & Medications
- PDF file Work, Hobbies &
Gastroschisis
bullet References

 


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